Waterford Church of England (Mixed) School, 1903

By Geoffrey Cordingley

Waterford School behind the War Memorial
Hertfordshire Archives and Local Studies

January, 1903

5thRe-opened school.  The Rev. Dr. Wood visited in the afternoon.
16thA half-holiday given in the afternoon because the schoolroom was required to prepare for an Entertainment in the evening.
21stThree children kept from school in the morning on account of fog.
30thWe were all very much grieved to hear of the death, this morning, of the School Correspondent & Manager, the Rev. Dr. Wood.

February, 1903

2ndFive boys belonging to the Church Choir attended the Funeral of the late Rev. Dr. Wood.
27thSix children’s names taken off the registers, four of the children having gone with their parents to reside in Surrey.  The other two girls, being over 13 years of age, left.

March, 1903

4thMiss Wood visited in the morning.
6thOwing to the numerous changes which have taken place during the last few months, the average attendance of scholars has been much reduced.
18thA half-holiday given by the Rector in the afternoon, as several parents wished to attend the sale at the Parsonage.
22ndFour boys were absent in the afternoon: they went to Sanger’s Circus at Hertford.
24thTwo girls returned to school after staying in London seven weeks.

April, 1903

23rdDiocesan Inspection.  The Rev. A.R. Buckland examined children in Religious Knowledge from 2.5 to 4.30.
29thDrill was taken in the playground this afternoon.

May, 1903

6thThe Rev. R. Coad Pryor visited at the end of the Morning Session, and entertained children for half-an-hour with a Gramophone.  Children enjoyed it very much.

Report of Religious Instruction.


No. present 45.


“This school was not inspected in 1902.

I was glad to visit it again & to find abundant evidence of painstaking preparation of Bible & Prayer Book subjects.

Several members of the upper division were particularly bright & energetic.  The high merit mark was thoroughly well deserved.  A most pleasant class to examine.

The younger children did well.

Written work was good, & suitable.

Repetition very nicely rendered.”

(Signed) A.R. Buckland.

Diocesan Inspector.


May, 1903

19thA half-holiday given in the afternoon, because of the Yeomanry Sports being held in Woodhall Park.1
28thVisited the School

W. Kefford

Scheme for Instruction during the Year ending May 31st 1904.


Subjects             Lower Division                                  Upper Division


Reading            Two books. (General reading)      One general Reader.

‘                           One book. (History).                         “    historical       “

‘                                                                                        “   geographical  “

Recitation         Fidelity. (Standards II. III.               The Revenge. (Tennyson)

‘                            Lucy Gray. (ST. I. II. III.)                  The May Queen.        “

‘                            The Mushroom Girl.  (St. I.)

Writing.              Copy Books. Transcription.          Copy Books. Transcription

Composition.   Abstracts.  (Reading lessons)         Abstracts.

‘                                                  (Object lessons)        Essays.

‘                                                                                       Letter writing.

‘                                                                                       Short stories.

Arithmetic.       Scheme. B. (ST. I. II. III)                      Scheme B. (ST. IV. V. VI.)

Geography.      England & Wales. (Physical)             The British Isles.


History.            From B.C. 55 to A.D. 1087                 The Tudor Period.

Elementary)    Thirty Lessons given to both Divisions.

Science.       )

Grammar.        Sentences containing Noun,            Analysis of Simple Sentences.

‘                           Verb, Adjective & Adverb.

Needlework.   St. I II. Specimens                               St. IV. V. VI.  Specimens

‘                           of sewing felling,                               showing gathering, stroking

‘                           knitting.  Garments.                         Stocking, patching in calico,

‘                           St. III. Specimens                              print & flannel; button –

‘                           showing sewing,                                holing, sewing on button;

‘                           felling, stitching,                                 darning on stocking web;

‘                           herring-boning,                                  knitting toe of a stocking.

‘                           darning on canvas,                            Cutting out one pattern.

‘                            knitting.                                              Garments.  Socks.

‘                            Garments.  Cuffs.

Drill                     Model Course.2                                    Model Course.2

List of Lessons in Elementary Science.

Older Scholars.

  1. The earthworm & its works.
  2. Buds.
  3. Early flowers.
  4. What trees live upon.
  5. Trees in Spring.
  6. Principles of Ventilation.
  7. Seeds.
  8. Coal and coal mining.
  9. Feet & their adaptation to habits of animals.
  10. Gold.
  11. Silkworms & silk.
  12. Evaporation & condensation.
  13. Clay & its uses.
  14. Porous bodies.
  15. Tin.
  16. Rain.
  17. Iron & its uses.
  18. Coffee.
  19. Life of a frog.
  20. Birds.
  21. Water.
  22. Maize.
  23. Parts of a flower.
  24. India-rubber.
  25. Air & water compared.
  26. A lighthouse.
  27. An insect.
  28. Heat.
  29. Clothing (Materials used.)
  30. Leather.

Object Lessons for Infants’ Class.

(Average age at beginning of school Year (1.6.03)

‘         =  4 years  1 month.)

Tea.                                       Horse.

Sugar.                                   Squirrel.

Cocoa-nut.                          Mole.

Orange & lemon.               A fish.

Lion                                      A plant.

Elephant.                             Salt.

Seal.                                      The primrose.

Monkey.                              The stinging nettle.

Cat.                                        Milk.

Dog.                                       Rice.

Potato.                                 Daisy.

A chair.                                 Pins.

Black-lead.                          Tomato.

The ostrich.                        Coins.

An apple.                             Ginger. Pepper. Cloves

June, 1903

15thThe Rev. H.C. Orpwood visited.

Owing to the excessive rain-fall several children did not attend school.


Seven children were unable to get to school because of floods.

July, 1903

2ndA half-holiday in the afternoon.  Children had their School-treat at Goldings.3
10thA half-holiday given in the afternoon, because of the Annual Meeting of the Mothers’ Union being held at Woodhall.
27thThe monitoress had leave of absence.  The boys belonging to the Church Choir were away.  They have gone on the Annual Excursion trip.
31stTested Registers & found them correct.

H.C. Orpwood.

”    “

School closed in the morning for the Harvest Holidays.

Summary of H.M. Inspector’s Report.  Waterford  C.E. No. 17840

“This school is very well conducted.”

The Teacher M. Ryle, does not appear to be engaged under a written agreement.

I am to refer you to Article 71. of the Provisional Code.

The grant claimed under Article 104 has not been put forward, in as much as the school district, which is the Parish of Bengeo, has a formulation of 500 souls, according to the Official Census of 1901.

H.C. Orpwood.

September, 1903

7thRe-opened school.  Admitted two children.  Five children absent.

October, 1903

20thThe Hon. Mrs R.A. Smith3 visited in the afternoon, and looked at the written exercises of the children in Standards one to six.  She said she thought they were done nicely.  She also heard the Infants’ singing, & listened to a song sung by the older children.

The school was visited in the afternoon by the Rev. J.C.M Man.

28thA meeting of School Managers was held in the school-room this afternoon at 4.30.

November, 1903

24thThe Rev. H.C. Orpwood visited in the afternoon.

A meeting of Managers was held in the school-room at 4.30.

December, 1903


Afternoon school was held from 1 o’clock to 3.10. because the room was required to be prepared for an Entertainment.

22ndSchool closed this afternoon for the Christmas Holidays.  The Hon. Mrs R.A. Smith3 invited all the children to a Christmas Tree, which is to be given in the school-room tomorrow.


1  In 1902, schools introduced a program of activity called the model course which involved strict military influence and intervention. Penn (1999), suggests that after the Boer Wars there was roused debate on military matters and more particularly upon the very poor physical fitness of so many involved soldiers. They believed that education may have been the source of the problem. In order to ensure that the next generation of potential soldiers were to be fluent in physical conditioning for war, military influence was going to be implemented. Future preparations involved certain programmes being put in place. The idea that pupils were training to go to war comes with the notion suggested by Penn (1999), that drill ‘Programmes in boy’s schools and departments sometimes involved the handling of dummy weapons.’  Penn, A. (1999). Targeting Schools- Drill, Militarism and Imperialism. London: Woburn Press. 5.

2 Woodhall Park, sometimes referred to as Woodhall, was the home of Abel Henry Smith

3 Mrs R.A. Smith lived at Goldings

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